AbstractAn important aspect of sustainable development is to develop and implement technologies that increase energy efficiency and enable a switch from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources. Presently, among others within the EU, several sustainable energy technologies are in the process of research and development and are tested through pilot initiatives. This action explores how such technologies can be diffused to developing countries. It analyses the required institutional capacity for a successful implementation of sustainable energy technologies and to what extent such capacity is presently available in developing countries. Based on that it explores how gaps between required and existing capacity in developing countries can be bridged with the help of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol. The CDM aims at supporting greenhouse gas emission reductions and sustainable development through technological transfers to developing countries. The action explores for three technology categories - fuel conversion, decentralised energy, and carbon capture and storage - how they could be applied in developing countries. The work consists of three main elements. First, an extensive overview and evaluation of the state of play of the CDM is conducted, which includes an overview of CDM funding programmes and project activities. Second, the state of play of the three energy technologies is reviewed in terms of research and development progress and/or market penetration within the EU and on a global scale. In addition, barriers are identified that need to be overcome to enable a large-scale application of a technology, as well as the minimally required infrastructure for that. Third, the action explores, based on a case study analysis for Chile, China, Israel, Kenya, and Thailand, what measures are needed to enable sustainable energy technology diffusion to developing countries. This part particularly focuses on energy strategies in the countries and infrastructures (skills, public acceptability, etc.), which is supported by intensive consultation with key stakeholders. Since the CDM largely focuses on technology transfers to developing countries and must incorporate infrastructural and other country-specific aspects in order to successfully implement projects, it offers useful lessons for and support to diffusing the three technologies focused on in this action.
Financiado por el Sexto Programa Marco de la UE. Participante chileno: ASESORIAS Y CONSULTORIAS EN CAMBIO CLIMATICO Y DESAROLLO LIMITADA
|Period of the Project||From: 01/01/2006 |